As per the complete analysis of air pollution, there has been a global impact on newborn babies. The particulate matter pollution of outdoor and household has led to an estimated 116000 Indian infants dying in the first month of 2019.
This study also discovered progress to some extent about reducing air pollution exposures but have stagnated levels on outdoor PM 2.5. The State of Global Air 2020 also reported that more than half of the number of deaths was mainly linked with the delicate particulate matter 2.5. The other deaths were due to exposure to solid fuels in wood, charcoal, and animal dung used for cooking. Being exposed to outdoor and household air pollution for long periods did contribute to annual deaths numbering to 1.67 Million from stroke, diabetes, heart attack, lung cancer, neonatal diseases, and chronic lung diseases in India by the year 2019.
Among the young infants, most of the deaths were based on lower birth weight and preterm birth complications. In General, air pollution has been the major risk factor for death out of all the health risks, according to the Annual State of Global Air, 2020, published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). The report culminates the happening challenge in South Asian countries facing high outdoor air pollution. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal are in the list of the top 10 countries highly exposed to PM 2.5 in the year 2019.
All these countries experienced a gradual increase in PM 2.5 exposure between 2010 and 2019. By limiting the utility of solid fuels for cooking purposes, one can embrace a moderate success pattern. Since 2010, around 50 million people have exposed themselves to household air pollution. There has been a revival of pollution control with specific schemes like the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Household LPG program that has to lead to an expansion of clean energy access for rural households. Also, lately, the National clean air program has prompted action on significant air pollution sources in states and cities around the country. This report also came with data on an estimated 110000 deaths in India, resulting in the COVID-19 disease, considering that people with heart and lung disease are especially at risk.
There is still no complete connection between covid-19 and air pollution. Still, there is evidence that air pollution has triggered the effects of people suffering from heart and lung disease, which creates concern provided they get exposed to high levels of air pollution. It is expected that the winter months of South Asian countries and East Asia could aggravate the covid-19 effects and claim many lives.
The health of an infant is very crucial to the future of any society. As per the recent evidence, there is an increased risk for infants born in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, as mentioned by the HEI President Dan Greenbaum.
Infants in the first month of their lives are quite vulnerable. Still, increasing scientific evidence from numerous countries also supported studies in India that for a pregnant woman to be exposed to particulate matter pollution could lead her baby to low birth weight and preterm birth. Near 21% of neonatal deaths of all causes are mainly due to Household air pollution, as stated in the new analysis report of the State of Global Air. Kalpana Balkrishnan, air pollution, and health expert, were not involved in his study. She made a statement that it is essential to address air pollution’s impacts on adverse pregnancy outcomes and newborn health for low and middle-income countries. It paves the way to design strategic interventions that can be administered at these vulnerable groups.