London: The Trishan Da Cunha, an island having only 245 permanent residents, created marine protection zone to protect the Rockhopper penguins, Yellow Nose Albatross, and other wildlife situated in the South Atlantic area that is thrice the area of the United Kingdom. The government of the British overseas government, which claims the island to be the most inhabited one on Earth, spoke to the reporters on Friday stating that the Extractive activities and fishing will be banned, particularly from the 627, 247 sq Km area of the ocean that surrounds the Tristan Da Cunha, Archipelago and three other Islands.
The most significant “no take zone” in the South Atlantic Ocean is the Sanctuary, which is the fourth biggest around the globe that would protect the fish and millions of seabirds that feed on them, stated by the territory.
This isolated island, which stands equidistant from Argentina and South Africa, supports 85 percent of the endangered Northern rockhopper penguins, the world’s sub-Antarctic fur seals, and different whales and dolphin species as per the Pew Bettarelli Ocean Legacy project.
James Glass, the Chief islander of the territory, said that their life on Tristan Da Cunha had been based on the relationship with the sea, which continues till even today, and lays the ultimate reason for protecting 90 percent of the waters. He also takes pride in playing a vital role in the preservation of the health of the oceans. The protection Zone will form a significant part of the UK’s Blue Belt program that gives 27 million pounds for promoting the country’s marine conservation in the overseas territories. With this initiative’s help, 11.1 million square kilometers of the marine environment, which comprises 1 percent of the world’s oceans, have been protected, as stated by Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
The waters that surround Tristan da Cunha is where most of the endangered Tristan Albatross and the Yellow nose albatross feeds on. The islands are homes of several other species of land birds with no other place to live, including the Wilkins, the rarest bird in the UK, and the smallest flightless bird as per the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
The Pew Bertarelli project that promotes the creation of the marine reserve worldwide said it would help Tristan Da Cunha protect waters with its technology. It can give real-time data to enumerate the oceans’ conditions and human activity when they fish.
The project is a combined program with the Pew Charitable Trust and the foundation of Bertarelli. Dona Bertarelli, the Bertarelli Foundation co-chair, said that the bold decision of the council of Tristan Da Cunha to protect the Archipelago is a beautiful example of a globally impacted local leadership.
The territory comprises four islands, the largest being Tristan Da Cunha, situated 2810 kilometers west of Cape Town and was discovered by the Dutch in 1643. Britain possessed Tristan Da Cunha in 1816 and established the first permanent settlement of the territory. In 1961 the island underwent a massive evacuation due to the volcanic eruption but made a return two years later.
The most significant income source for the territory is commercial fishing for Crayfish, also called Tristan Rock Lobster, which is quite expensive. Developed countries like the US, Europe, Japan, and China mostly imports such fishes. The community situated in this territory is responsible for one of the most outstanding conservation achievements by the year 2020, as stated by the Chief Executive of the Royal Society for Protecting Birds, Beccy Speight. She further noted that this achievement would protect the ideal marine environments on the planet.